I know you are in a hurry, but you sure can save a lot of time by checking out Opto22 FREE self paced training guides. You can do them as fast or as slow as you wish. A great place to start is
And if you don't have any time at all, then check out Opto22's fantastic "OptoMinute" videos, available on YouTube and Apple Podcasts
At exactly 60 seconds, I don't think you could get more compressed basic training! Some of the points you mention are covered. And if you don't understand the videos in English, most are also available in Spanish and Chinese.
I think you are not valuing your time properly. The time you waste by not getting some basic training or even following some self training program before starting an automation project, directly equates to hours, money and unnecessary project delays, which is even more money. I think you should explain this to your boss. If you are self employed you have to explain it to yourself.